A Guide to Composting at Home for Beginners

Updated on September 20th, 2023 by Brett Knighton

A compost pile at home containing fruits, vegetables and brown materials breaking down for rich soil.

Welcome to the wonderful world of composting! This guide is all about composting at home for beginners and will walk you through turning your everyday kitchen and yard waste into a nutrient-packed treat for your plants right in your backyard.

Composting is nature's way of recycling. It's a simple process that transforms organic waste into a rich soil your plants will love. But composting does more than feed your garden.

It's also a powerful way to reduce the amount of waste in landfills and supports a greener, more sustainable lifestyle. Whether you have a spacious backyard or a small balcony, composting can easily become a part of your daily routine at home.

This guide will cover everything from composting basics to advanced techniques, equipping you with the knowledge you need to embark on your composting journey.

You'll learn what you can compost, how to set up and maintain your compost bin, and how to use the compost you make. We'll also explore different composting methods, including traditional composting, vermicomposting, and how to make compost in small spaces.

Let's jump in!

What is Composting?

Composting is a remarkable process that showcases nature's innate ability to recycle. It's a biological process where decomposers like microorganisms (primarily bacteria and fungi) and insects work together to break down dead or decaying organic matter into simpler substances.

This decomposition process transforms your kitchen and yard waste into nutrient-filled soil, commonly known as compost.

Compost is often called 'black gold' by gardeners because it's packed with essential nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. These are the three primary nutrients that are necessary for healthy plant growth.

It can also enhance the soil structure in your yard, improve its water retention, and promote fertility, making it an invaluable resource for gardening and landscaping.

According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), yard trimmings and food waste make up more than 30% of what we throw away. This waste could instead be composted at home, turning what would have been waste into a valuable resource for enriching your garden soil.

An image of a compost pile showing fruit decomposing.

Four main components drive the composting process: green waste, brown waste, water, and air. Green waste includes nitrogen-rich materials, such as fruit and vegetable scraps and grass clippings.

Brown waste, on the other hand, includes materials high in carbon, such as leaves, branches, and paper. Water provides the moisture necessary for decomposition, while air supplies oxygen for beneficial compost bugs.

The Role of Bugs in Your Compost

Bugs play a key role in accelerating the decomposition process. They are necessary for a well-balanced compost pile.

Insects like earthworms, springtails, soldier flies, and other bugs work alongside microorganisms like bacteria and fungi to break down organic materials more efficiently, forming a mini ecosystem in your compost pile.

These bugs naturally work to consume decaying matter, which they then excrete as nutrient-rich waste, further enriching your compost. They help fragment the organic matter, making it easier for microorganisms to access and decompose the materials.

This collaboration creates a vibrant and healthy compost pile that is teeming with life and beneficial for your garden.

Encouraging a diverse bug population in your compost pile will give you a richer, more fertile end product that breaks down more quickly.

You can do this by maintaining a balanced mix of green and brown materials, keeping the compost moist but not too wet, and avoiding using chemicals that might harm these beneficial organisms.

To learn more about the bugs commonly found in compost, you can visit our complete guide on compost bugs, where we help you distinguish the good bugs from the bad.

Understanding the science behind composting can help you manage your compost piles more effectively and troubleshoot any issues that may arise. It's a fascinating process that benefits your garden and contributes to a healthier planet by reducing waste and greenhouse gas emissions.

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Getting Started Composting at Home

Once you've decided you want to try composting at home, there are a few decisions to make and some basic supplies you will need. The first thing you need to do is choose a proper compost bin based on your needs and lifestyle. Here are a few options:

Traditional DIY Compost Bin

A traditional compost bin is a simple and cost-effective option for composting at home. It can be as basic as a designated pile in your backyard or a more structured bin using materials like wooden pallets, wooden boards, wire mesh, or even a simple garbage can with a lid.

The bin should have openings for air circulation, ensuring that the composting materials receive the necessary oxygen to decompose effectively.

A traditional DIY compost bin filled with food scraps.

Traditional compost bins are an excellent choice for those looking for a cost-effective and customizable composting solution. Building your own compost bin allows you to tailor the size of your compost pile to match the amount of waste you generate.

However, this method does involve more manual labor. You'll need to collect the required materials, assemble your bin, and manually turn the compost with a rake or shovel to ensure it decomposes evenly.

A Simple Guide on How to Build a Compost Bin

1. Choose a Suitable Location

The first step is choosing a suitable location for your compost bin in your yard. The site you select should be easily accessible to add materials and turn the compost when necessary. Choosing a shaded area is also a good idea, as this can help keep your compost pile from drying out too quickly.

2. Gather Your Materials

Next, you'll need to gather the materials for your compost bin. If you've decided to use wooden pallets, you'll need four. You can get these by visiting local businesses that receive large goods shipments, such as hardware stores, garden centers, or supermarkets. Many of these places may have excess pallets and could provide them to you for free.

If you're using wooden boards, make sure the boards are untreated. How many you need will depend on how high you want your compost pile. The number of boards you need will depend on how high you want your compost pile to be.

A good rule of thumb is to use 12 boards to make two sides of the bin (6 boards on each side) and wire mesh for the other two. If you want to use a garbage bin, use one that's clean and in good enough condition to hold the compost.

3. Construct Your Compost Bin

Wooden Pallets Method: If you use wooden pallets, arrange three pallets into a U-shape. You can secure them together using screws or nails. The fourth pallet can be used as a gate, giving you easy access to the compost.

Wooden Boards and Wire Mesh Method:

  1. Choose Your Spot: Pick a suitable location for your compost bin.
  2. Prepare the Boards: Cut the wooden boards to a size that fits your chosen spot but is also big enough to hold your compost.
  3. Build the Frame: Arrange the boards to form a square or rectangle. Use screws or nails to join them together, making a solid frame.
  4. Prepare the Wire Mesh: Cut a piece of wire mesh big enough to cover one or two sides of your frame.
  5. Attach the Mesh: Secure the wire mesh to the frame with staples or nails. Make sure it’s tight! This mesh will let air in but keep the compost inside.
  6. Check the Setup: Your compost bin should be sturdy, with the mesh allowing air to flow in and out.

Garbage Can Method: If you're using a garbage can, you'll need to drill several holes in the sides, bottom, and lid of the can. These holes will provide aeration and drainage, preventing your compost pile from becoming too wet.

4. Start Composting

Once your bin is all setup, you can start composting! Remember to mix green and brown materials, keep the compost pile moist but not wet, and turn the compost regularly to help it decompose evenly.

While constructing your compost bin can involve more hands-on work, it's a valuable learning experience, especially if you are a beginner.

Building one from scratch will help you better understand the composting process. You'll learn how composting works and why certain design features, like aeration holes or a removable gate, are beneficial.

If you're interested in using pallets instead, check out our step-by-step guide on how to build a compost bin from pallets.

Tumbler Compost Bins

A compost tumbler is a sealed, rotating bin that provides an easy and efficient way to compost at home. They're designed to be rotated regularly, which mixes the compost and speeds up the decomposition process.

Because they're sealed and elevated, you'll have more control over the environment, deterring unwanted pests from making a home in your bin.

Although they can be more expensive than building one yourself, they're an excellent option for beginners who don't want to do much upfront work. Another downside is their limited capacity. If you end up composting more than expected and need a larger bin, you'll have to purchase a new one.

If you're interested in learning more about tumbler compost bins, here are three options to consider:

  1. YITAHOME Outdoor Dual Bin Tumbling Composter
  2. This compost tumbler is designed with two 21.5-gallon separate chambers, making it an all-season ready-to-use gardening essential. Assembly is a breeze, taking no more than 20 minutes with clear instructions and complementary gloves and screwdriver, making it one of the best composting bins for beginners. The compost can be ready in as little as two weeks during hot summer weather. Learn more about the YITAHOME Outdoor Dual Bin Tumbling Composter here.

  3. FCMP Outdoor IM4000 Tumbling Composter
  4. This compost tumbler gives you quick compost turnover, allowing you to have a nourishing batch for your garden in as little as two weeks. It has built-in hand holds, making it easy to turn and mix the compost pile efficiently. It also has two large openings and a removable door, making it convenient for beginners to add scraps or clippings and remove finished compost. Discover more about the FCMP Outdoor IM4000 Tumbling Composter here.

  5. VIVOSUN 43-Gallon Tumbling Compost Bin
  6. This is a 43-gallon dual-rotating composter designed for batch composting, the most efficient way to create high-quality compost. It has two chambers that allow one side to "cook" while fresh materials are added to the other, constantly alternating sides to produce a consistent flow of nutrient-rich compost. Explore the VIVOSUN 43-Gallon Tumbling Compost Bin here.

Worm Composting Bins

Worm composting, or vermicomposting, is a way to compost that uses special worms (usually red wigglers) to consume organic waste and produce worm castings, a rich and highly beneficial soil amendment.

They work efficiently to produce high-quality compost suitable for indoor and outdoor settings. This method particularly benefits those who want to recycle organic waste in a confined space, like an apartment. The worm bins are compact, manageable, and can be placed in a convenient location for easy access and maintenance.

A compost bin with red earth worms throughout breaking down food scraps.

However, vermicomposting requires a bit more management than traditional composting, as you'll need to maintain the right conditions for the worms. If you are interested in starting with this type of compost bin, we provide detailed instructions on setting up a worm composter later in this article.

Automatic Kitchen Compost Bin

An automatic kitchen compost bin, like the Lomi Composter, could be the perfect fit for those seeking a more technologically advanced solution. This device simplifies and accelerates the composting process, transforming waste into compost at the push of a button.

It has a compact design engineered to control odors, so you can conveniently place it anywhere in your household without worrying about unpleasant smells or taking up too much space.

It's a convenient alternative for those seeking the benefits of composting without the typical manual labor involved.

When deciding on the type of compost bin, consider factors like the amount of waste you produce, the available space, and how much time and effort you're willing to invest in composting. If you're composting outdoors, choose a spot that's easily accessible and has good drainage.

If you're composting indoors, pick a convenient location, like your basement or garage, and ensure the area is well-ventilated. The best compost bin is the one that you'll use consistently.

What Can You Compost?

Composting is a great way to recycle the organic materials you might otherwise throw away. Understanding what you can compost is crucial for maintaining a healthy compost pile and ensuring a successful composting process.

A healthy compost pile requires a balance of green and brown materials. The general rule of thumb is to maintain a ratio of 3:1 of brown to green materials.

Keeping this ratio provides an adequate supply of carbon and nitrogen for microorganisms to drive the composting process.

Here's a list of materials you can put in your compost bin, categorized into nitrogen-rich green waste and carbon-rich brown waste:

Type Item Description
Green Icon

Green Waste (High in Nitrogen)

Green Icon
Fruit and Vegetable Scraps All your kitchen scraps from fruits and vegetables can go into the compost pile. This includes peels, skins, cores, seeds, stems, and leaves.
Coffee Grounds and Tea Leaves You can compost both coffee grounds and tea leaves. If you're using tea bags, make sure they are made of compostable material.
Fresh Grass Clippings Freshly cut grass is a great source of nitrogen. However, don't put too much in the same area or all at once as it can compact and create a smelly mess.
Plant Cuttings Trimmings from your garden plants can be composted. This includes leaves, stems, and flowers.
Eggshells While not a source of nitrogen, eggshells add calcium to your compost, which is beneficial for plants.
Green Icon

Brown Waste (High in Carbon)

Green Icon
Dry Leaves Fallen leaves are a great source of carbon and can be collected in the autumn for use throughout the year.
Branches and Twigs Small branches and twigs provide carbon and also help to create air pockets in the compost pile, improving aeration.
Paper and Cardboard Non-glossy paper and cardboard can be composted. This includes newspaper, toilet paper rolls, and non-coated cardboard. Make sure to shred them into smaller pieces to aid decomposition.
Straw and Hay Straw and hay are excellent sources of carbon. They also help to balance the moisture level in the compost.
Sawdust and Wood Chips Sawdust and wood chips from untreated wood can be composted. However, they decompose slowly and should be used sparingly to avoid clumping.
Cotton and Wool Rags Natural fibers like cotton and wool can be composted. Make sure they are clean and cut into small pieces.

In addition to these, consider purchasing products that use compostable packaging. Adding these to your compost pile is a great way to create a closed-loop system, where waste is minimized by being transformed into a resource for your garden. This not only reduces your overall waste but also contributes to a more sustainable lifestyle.

It's important to ensure that the packaging is indeed compostable, as some packaging may look like it is but may not break down in a home composting system. Always check the packaging for composting information.

What Not to Put in a Compost Bin

Including the wrong items in your compost can disrupt the process, introduce harmful pathogens, or even damage plants when the compost is applied. This section outlines things you should avoid putting in your compost bin to ensure it's safe without causing any adverse effects.

The table below outlines the things you shouldn't compost:

  • Meat and Dairy Products: These items can attract pests and cause unpleasant odors. They also decompose slowly and can introduce harmful pathogens into your compost.
  • Diseased Plants: Plants that are diseased or infested with pests can spread the disease or infestation to your compost and eventually to your garden.
  • Pet Waste: Dog and cat feces can contain harmful pathogens that can't be killed during the composting process. It's best to dispose of pet waste separately.
  • Coal Ash: Adding wood ash to compost is safe, but not charcoal. Charcoal contains harmful chemicals that can damage plants.
  • Plastic, Glass, and Metal: Don't add these materials to your compost because they don't decompose. Instead, recycle them to be turned into new products.
  • Glossy or Coated Paper: Paper that is glossy or coated contains chemicals unsuitable for composting.
  • Treated Wood: Avoid adding wood treated with chemicals or preservatives, as it can introduce harmful substances into your compost. These chemicals can be detrimental to the plants when the compost is applied, disrupting their growth and potentially causing harm to the environment.
  • Invasive Weeds: Weeds that spread by their root system, like bindweed and quackgrass, can survive the composting process and spread when you apply the compost to your garden.

By avoiding these materials, you can ensure your compost is safe, healthy, and beneficial for your garden. Remember, composting is a natural process that aims to return organic materials to the soil safely and sustainably.

How to Compost at Home for Beginners (Step by Step)

Composting can feel overwhelming for beginners, but it's a simple process, and once you get the hang of it, you won't look back! In this section, we'll break it down for you step-by-step so you're ready to start as soon as you collect your waste.

Step 1: Choose Your Compost Bin or Pile Location

First, you must decide where to set up your compost bin or pile. If you're composting outdoors, choose a spot that's easily accessible, has good drainage, and is partially shaded. If you're composting indoors, pick a convenient and well-ventilated location.

Step 2: Start with a Layer of Brown Waste

Begin your compost pile with a layer of brown waste at the bottom of your compost bin or pile. This initial layer helps with the aeration and drainage of your compost and keeps the materials from getting too wet or squishing together.

Step 3: Add a Layer of Green Waste

Next, add a layer of green waste on top of the brown layer. Green waste includes materials like fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, and fresh grass clippings. These materials are rich in nitrogen, which is essential for the growth of the microorganisms that decompose the compost materials.

Step 4: Add Two More Layers of Brown Waste

After adding a layer of green waste, add two more layers of brown waste to create the right balance for composting.

Step 5: Continue the Layering Process

Continue adding brown and green waste layers as you accumulate more compost materials. Try maintaining a ratio of about 3:1 of brown to green materials to keep everything balanced.

Step 6: Turn Your Compost Pile

Turn your compost with a pitchfork or shovel every few weeks. This helps to aerate the pile, providing oxygen to the microorganisms and speeding up the decomposition process. It's OK if you don't have time to turn your compost. But doing so will help the materials break down quicker.

Step 7: Monitor Your Compost

Keep an eye on your compost. If you notice any unpleasant odors, it's likely that your compost is too wet or lacks oxygen. To resolve this, add more brown waste and turn the pile more frequently. If the pile seems too dry, add some water to maintain moisture.

Step 8: Harvest Your Compost

Once your compost pile has turned into a rich, dark material with a pleasant earthy smell, it's ready to be used in your vegetable garden or for potted plants. This process can take two months to a year, depending on the materials used and the compost conditions.

Don't worry if your compost pile isn't decomposing as quickly as you'd like or if you don't have the perfect balance of green and brown materials. Even a less-than-perfect compost pile will eventually decompose and provide valuable nutrients for your garden.

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Advanced Composting Techniques

Once you've learned the basics of composting and understand how a compost system works, you might be interested in exploring more advanced techniques. These methods can help you compost more efficiently, handle a wider variety of waste, and produce higher-quality compost. Here's a closer look at a couple of these techniques:

Worm Composting (Vermicomposting)

What is Vermicomposting?

Vermicomposting is a method of composting that uses worms, specifically red wigglers, to break down organic waste. This process is faster than traditional composting and can be done indoors, making it a great option for those with limited outdoor space. Here's how it works:

1. Choosing a Worm Compost Bin

Select a container that is well-ventilated, opaque, and has a lid. The bin size will depend on the waste you generate and the space available. A 10-gallon plastic storage container is a good starting point for most households. However, the VermiHut Plus 5-Tray Worm Compost Bin is an excellent choice if you're looking for a ready-made option. Its easy setup and sustainable design make it an ideal choice for beginners.

2. Prepare the Bedding

Create a comfortable environment for the worms by adding moistened, shredded newspaper or cardboard to the bottom of the bin. The bedding should be damp but not soaking wet.

3. Add the Worms

Introduce red wiggler worms to the bin, ensuring there are enough to process your organic waste efficiently. A general rule of thumb is to have one pound of worms for every half-pound of daily waste.

4. Feed the Worms

Add small amounts of organic waste to the bin, such as fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, and eggshells. Avoid adding meat, dairy, or oily foods, which can cause odors and attract pests. Bury the waste in the bedding to prevent fruit flies and other insects from invading the bin.

5. Maintain the Bin

Regularly check the moisture and temperature levels in the bin, ensuring they remain within the ideal range for worm survival (55-77 degrees Fahrenheit or 13-25 degrees Celsius). If the soil becomes too dry, add water; if it's too wet, add more bedding material.

6. Harvest the Compost

Once the worms have processed the organic waste and the bin is filled with dark, crumbly castings, it's time to harvest the compost. You can remove the finished compost by hand or use a multi-tray system that allows the worms to migrate upwards, leaving the finished compost behind.

By following these instructions, you should be able to successfully set up and maintain a worm composter, providing your garden with nutrient-rich, high-quality compost. This sustainable method benefits your plants, helps reduce waste, and promotes a healthier environment.

Hot Composting

Hot composting is a technique that requires maintaining a specific temperature in your compost pile. The heat helps speed up the breakdown of materials and kills weed seeds and harmful pathogens. This method differs from cold composting, where you pile your compost materials and let nature work naturally over time.

Hot composting requires more materials and active management but produces compost much faster than cold composting.

If you're looking for quicker results from your compost pile and are willing to put in more effort, hot composting could suit you. Here's how to hot compost:

1. Build Your Hot Compost Pile

To begin, gather a substantial amount of compost materials. Aim for a pile that measures at least 1 cubic yard in volume. This sizable pile will generate the necessary heat for efficient decomposition.

2. Maintain the Right Balance

Achieving the correct balance of carbon (brown materials) and nitrogen (green materials) is crucial for successful hot composting. Strive for a ratio of approximately 25-30 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogen.

3. Turn the Pile Regularly

Regularly turning the compost pile is essential for adequate aeration and heat distribution. Aim to turn the pile every few days, ensuring the outer materials are brought to the center and vice versa. This process promotes the circulation of oxygen, which is vital for the decomposition process. As you turn the pile, you may notice the temperature rising to a range of 130-160°F (55-70°C), indicating the effective generation of heat.

4. Monitor the Process

Keep a close eye on the progress of your hot compost pile. As the microbial activity intensifies, the temperature will gradually begin to decrease. Typically, the composting process takes around 2-3 months to complete, although this timeframe can vary based on factors such as your specific location and the composition of the materials. Once the pile has cooled down and the materials have fully decomposed, you can consider your hot compost ready for use.

By mastering these advanced composting techniques, you can make the composting process more efficient and versatile, and produce high-quality compost for your garden.

Using Your Compost

Person holding compost soil and mixing it in their garden.

Compost is a gardener's best friend that can help you save money in various ways, such as reducing the need for commercial compost and fertilizers and improving water retention so you don't have to water your garden as much. The nutrient-rich material, also helps to regulate and stabilize soil pH levels (potential hydrogen), making it more neutral. This boosts the availability of nutrients in the soil, providing better growing conditions for plants. Once your compost has a woody, earthy smell and a fluffy texture, it's ready to use. But how exactly can you use your finished compost? Here are some ideas:

Soil Amendment

One of the most common uses of compost is as a soil amendment. By mixing compost into your garden soil, you can improve its structure, nutrient content, and moisture-holding capacity. This is particularly beneficial for gardens with poor or depleted soil. To use compost as a soil amendment:

  1. Prepare the Soil: Start by removing any weeds or unwanted plants from the area. If you're preparing a new garden bed, you might also need to remove any grass or sod.
  2. Add Compost: Spread a layer of compost over the soil. The amount you'll need will depend on the quality of your existing soil, but a layer 2-3 inches thick is a good starting point.
  3. Mix It In: Use a garden fork or tiller to mix the compost into the top 6-8 inches of soil. This helps to distribute the compost evenly and incorporate it into the soil.
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Compost can be used as a mulch to suppress weeds, conserve soil moisture, and regulate temperatures. Unlike many other mulch types, compost enriches the soil as it breaks down. To use compost as a mulch:

  1. Prepare the Area: Remove any existing weeds from the area. If you're mulching around plants, be careful not to damage their roots.
  2. Apply the Compost: Spread a layer of compost around your plants. A layer that's 2-3 inches thick is usually fine. Be careful not to pile compost against the stems of plants, as this can cause them to rot.

Compost Tea

Compost tea is a nutrient-rich liquid fertilizer you can make at home. It's a great way to provide a quick nutrient boost to your plants. To make compost tea:

  1. Fill a Bucket: Fill a bucket about 1/3 full with compost.
  2. Add Water: Add water until the bucket is full. Let the mixture sit for 3-5 days, stirring occasionally.
  3. Strain the Mixture: After a few days, strain the mixture through a cheesecloth or fine mesh strainer. The liquid that's left is your compost tea.
  4. Use the Tea: Dilute the compost tea with water until it's the color of weak tea. You can then water your plants with this mixture.

Lawn Top Dressing

Using compost on top of your lawn as a top dressing is a highly effective method for improving the health and look of your yard. It involves spreading a thin layer of compost over the grass to enrich the soil with nutrients, improve structure and water-holding capacity, and promote vigorous growth. To apply compost as a lawn top dressing:

  1. Prepare Your Lawn: Mow your lawn and rake it well to remove any thatch and debris so the compost can penetrate the grass and reach the soil.
  2. Spread the Compost: Distribute the compost evenly over your lawn. Aim for a layer of about 1/4 to 1/2 inch thick. You can use a shovel to sprinkle the compost and a rake to spread it out.
  3. Water the Lawn: After applying the compost, water your lawn to help the compost seep into the soil and allow the nutrients to reach the roots of your grass.
  4. Maintain Regularly: Repeat this process once or twice a year, ideally in the spring or fall, to keep your lawn healthy and lush.

Compost is a natural product, so don't worry about using it too much. It's a fantastic way to feed your plants, reduce the need for synthetic fertilizers, and improve soil health.

Composting Tips and Tricks

Here are some tips and tricks to help you make the most of your composting efforts:

  • Composting Workshops

    Many communities offer workshops or classes on composting. These can be a great way to learn more about the decomposition process, get answers to your questions, and connect with other composters in your area. Utilizing these resources can help you avoid common mistakes and build confidence in your composting abilities.

  • Consider Compost Activators

    If you want to speed up the composting process, consider using a compost activator. These products, which are rich in nitrogen and beneficial microorganisms, can help kick-start decomposition. You can find these at your local garden store or online. Also, if you have any leftover beer or spoiled wine, don't throw it away! The yeast and sugar in these help speed up the decomposition process.

  • Reuse Cooking Water

    Instead of throwing away the water you've used to boil vegetables or eggs, use it in your compost! This water contains minerals that will enrich your compost. But before you pour it in, you need to let it cool down. If you pour it in hot, it can kill the beneficial bugs in your compost.

  • Use Compostable Products

    Consider buying products with compostable packaging. This not only reduces waste but also adds to your compost pile. It's a simple yet effective way to contribute to a more sustainable lifestyle while enriching your compost and creating your own personal closed-loop system.

  • Use a Compost Thermometer

    A compost thermometer can help you understand the internal temperature of your compost pile. This is a good way to ensure that your compost is decomposing at the optimal rate. If the temperature is too low, you may need to add more green materials. On the other hand, if the temperature is too high, adding "browns" can help balance it out.

  • Cotton Thread Trick for Faster Decomposition

    Try the cotton thread trick if you need help with certain materials not breaking down quickly. This process involves cutting either cotton thread or yarn into small pieces and mixing them into your compost pile. The bacteria in your compost will break down the cotton and heat your compost, accelerating the overall decomposition process. Make sure the cotton you use is 100% organic.

  • Cut Up Large Items

    Larger items take longer to decompose. You'll speed up the decomposition process by cutting up things like branches, fruit and vegetable waste, and cardboard into smaller pieces before adding them to your compost pile.

  • Hair and Nail Clippings

    Human and pet hair, as well as nail clippings, are high in nitrogen and keratin, which makes them valuable for composting. Just be sure to scatter them around to avoid matting, and don't put nail clippings that have nail polish on them in your compost pile.

  • Aquarium Water

    If you have a freshwater fish tank, consider using the old water when you change it to moisten your compost pile. The water often contains fish waste and leftover fish food, which are both rich in nitrogen.

With these tips and tricks in mind, you'll be well-equipped to create a successful compost heap at home. Successful composting involves patience, persistence, and a willingness to learn. Keep these guidelines handy as you venture into this rewarding and environmentally friendly practice. Before you know it, you'll be able to turn your waste into nutrient-rich compost with ease.

Composting with Kids

Father and Son working in the garden together.

Composting is a fantastic way to engage kids. It's a fun, hands-on activity that offers a wealth of learning opportunities. Kids can discover the life cycle of plants, the crucial role of decomposers in our ecosystem, and the importance of recycling and reducing waste. Here's how to make composting an exciting and educational adventure for kids:

  1. Exploring the Science Behind Composting

    Composting allows kids to witness the circle of life in action. They can see how organic materials like fruit peels and leaves gradually decompose, turning into a rich, dark, soil-like substance. This observation can spark conversations about decomposition, the role of microorganisms, and the nutrients that plants need to thrive.

  2. Building a Compost Bin Together

    Constructing a compost bin can be a fun and useful project. Kids can assist in collecting materials, putting the bin together, and choosing its location. This activity can lead to discussions about the conditions necessary for composting and why specific materials are used. For instance, why does the compost bin need holes? Why do we need both green and brown materials?

  3. Taking Care of the Compost

    Kids can actively participate in maintaining the compost. They can help add materials to the compost bin, turn the compost, and observe the changes over time. This involvement can spark discussions about why we need to turn the compost and what happens if the compost pile is too cold or if it gets too wet or too dry.

  4. Using the Compost in the Garden

    When the compost is ready, kids can help use it in the garden. They can see how the compost enriches the soil and aids plant growth. This experience can lead to conversations about the benefits of compost to the garden and why composting is a form of recycling.

  5. Adopting Composting as a Lifestyle

    Composting with kids can also serve as a means to instill values of environmental stewardship and sustainability. Kids can learn about the impact of waste on our environment and how composting helps reduce waste and return nutrients to the earth.

By composting with kids, you're not only teaching them about science and nature, you're also helping them develop a sense of responsibility for our planet. It's a fun, educational, and meaningful activity that benefits both kids and the environment.

Final Thoughts

Composting at home is a simple and rewarding activity. It's a way to recycle your kitchen waste and garden waste into a rich soil conditioner for your plants. You can also start to purchase products that use compostable packaging to add to your compost, further contributing to the cycle of sustainability. This process not only reduces the amount of waste going to landfills but also creates a valuable resource for your garden.

Composting is easy to do. All you need is a compost bin or pile, some green and brown waste, and a bit of time. It's like joining nature's own recycling program. You'll get to see how organic materials break down over time, which is a fascinating process.

The benefits of composting go beyond your own garden. When you compost, you're helping to create a greener and more sustainable world. Composting reduces the need for chemical fertilizers, saves water by improving the soil's ability to retain moisture, and reduces greenhouse gas emissions from landfills.

Composting is also a fun activity for all ages. It's a great way to teach kids about nature, science, and recycling. Plus, it's a flexible practice that can be adapted to different lifestyles and living situations, whether you have a big backyard or a small apartment.

So, why not start composting? Whether you're an experienced gardener or a sustainability enthusiast, composting has benefits for everyone. Start your composting journey today and join the global movement of people who are turning waste into a resource and making our planet healthier. Remember, every bit of compost that you use is a step towards a more sustainable future. Happy composting!


How do you start composting at home?

To begin composting, the first step is to select a compost bin and find a suitable spot for it. Once you have the bin and location ready, you can start adding both brown and green waste materials. It's recommended to maintain a ratio of 3 parts brown waste to 1 part green waste. Remember to turn your compost pile on a regular basis. This helps promote even decomposition of the materials.

How do you compost at home without it smelling?

To prevent your compost pile from smelling, make sure you're adding the right balance of green and brown materials. Too many green materials can make your compost pile too wet and cause it to smell. If your compost pile starts to smell, try adding more brown materials and turning the pile to increase aeration.

Should compost be in sun or shade?

Your compost pile can be in either sun or shade, but a shady spot might be better. If your compost pile is in full sun, it might dry out too quickly. If it's in a shady spot, it will retain moisture better, which is important for the composting process.

How long should compost sit before using?

The length of time compost needs to sit before it's ready to use depends on the materials you're composting and how often you turn the pile. Generally, compost can take anywhere from 2 months to a year to fully decompose. You'll know your compost is ready when it looks like dark, crumbly soil and has a sweet, earthy smell.

What is the easiest compost method?

The easiest compost method is probably cold composting. This involves simply piling up your compost materials in a bin or designated spot and letting nature take its course. You don't need to worry about turning the pile regularly or maintaining a specific balance of materials. However, cold composting does take longer than other methods.

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